F.W. de Klerk (born Frederik Willem de Klerk; born March 18, 1936, Johannesburg) is a South African politician. He served as the President of South Africa from 1989 till 1994.
He initiated the end of the apartheid system of racial segregation and also negotiated a transition to majority rule in his country.
Together with Nelson Mandela, he received the Nobel Prize for Peace 1993. Following their collaborative efforts to establish nonracial democracy in the country.
- Full name: Frederik Willem de Klerk
- Popular Name: F.W. de Klerk
- Occupation: Politician
- Nationality: South African
- Age: 83 years
- Gender: Male
He graduated from the Potchefstroom University in 1958 with a law degree (with honors). He was born into the family of a leading politician (his father).
His date of birth is on the 18th of March, 1938, in Johannesburg. F.W. de Klerk is 83 years old.
He was married to Marike de Klerk (née Willemse) from 1989-1994. His wife was a politician of the former ruling National Party in her own right.
In 2001, she was murdered in her Dolphin Beach apartment in Blouberg, Cape Town.
Earlier, it was reported that she had committed suicide. She was killed by Luyanda Mboniswa, a security guard in the luxury secure complex where the former first lady lived.
Upon graduating from the university, he started his law firm in Vereeniging. Which made him active in civic and business affairs there.
Frederik elected into Parliament for the National Party in 1972. He won several key ministerial portfolios. Some include mines and energy affairs (1979–82), internal affairs (1982–85), and national education and planning (1984–89).
He became the leader of the House of Assembly (1986). In 1989, Frederik became the leader of the National Party, after P.W.
Botha’s illness. He stood against Botha’s resumption to the office after he fully recovered.
Frederik was the elected president by the South African tricameral Parliament.
He served as the chairman of the provincial National Party from 1982 in Transvaal.
As a president, he paid attention to speeding up the reform process his predecessor started.
He also started talks on a new post-apartheid constitution with representatives of the country’s four designated racial groups.
Following his famous opening address to Parliament in 1990, he released all notable political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela.
He also lifted the ban on the African National Congress (ANC) & the Pan-Africanist Congress of Azania.
The ruling National party reached an agreement with the ANC in 1993 on a transition to majority rule during his leadership.
In April 1994, Frederik led the campaign by his party in South Africa’s first all-race elections. The ANC had a majority of seats in the new National Assembly.
Later, he joined a government of National Unity (formed by Mandela). He took on the post of second deputy president.
In 1996, he resigned as deputy president and the next year, 1997, Frederik headed the National Party.
In 2000, he started the F.W. de Klerk Foundation and after four (4) years in 2004, he established the Global Leadership Foundation.
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica “F.W. de Klerk | president of South Africa“. Britannica retrieved 2020-15-02.
- “Marike de Klerk“. Wikipedia retrieved 2020-15-02.